With a broad spectrum of gorgeous hues, gemstones bring a pop of color to any jewelry collection. From fiery rubies to serene sapphires, the right gem can add the final touch of perfection to any great outfit. Helzberg Diamonds is proud to offer a large variety of gemstone jewelry, and knowing more about it — including knowing how to clean and care for it — will help you get the most value out
what is a gemstone?
Created deep in the Earth, a gemstone is a piece of mineral crystal that is cut and polished to make jewelry. Gemstones are admired for their beauty, durability and rarity. According to legend, certain stones are said to heal illnesses, bring love and good luck,
types of gemstones
There are a number of different gemstones with varying colors, qualities and characteristics. While the list goes on and on, some of the more well-known gems are: sapphires, rubies, emeralds, alexandrite, amethyst, garnet, aquamarine, opal, pearl, rose quartz, peridot, tourmaline, tanzanite, topaz, morganite, moissanite and citrine.
Sapphires, rubies and emeralds are precious gemstones. They have existed for centuries in nature and will continue to endure the test of time. Today, precious gemstones are also created in labs to offer the best value to customers. Traditionally, these gems have been very sought after and valuable stones.
With the exception of sapphires, rubies and emeralds, in general, all other gemstones are considered semi-precious stones. Typically, semi-precious gemstones cost less than precious stones, but some semi-precious gems can actually be more valuable than precious gems. For instance, many natural pearls are worth more than a low-quality precious ruby, sapphire or emerald. Semi-precious gemstones are perfect for those who want an endless array of color options and a larger look at an affordable price.
Natural gemstones, also called genuine gemstones, are formed in nature after millions of years of chemical processes. They are extracted, cut and polished to create the stunning gems you see in fine jewelry.
lab created gemstones
Lab created gemstones are formed in laboratories using specialized technologies. They are physically, chemically and optically identical to gems found in nature.
gemstone grade chart
Gemstones are graded by characteristics similar to those of diamonds. Rarity, color, brilliance, transparency, durability, cut, optical effects and size are all weighed when determining the worth of a gem. Gemologists use specific values to help differentiate gems based on these properties.
Enhancements are applied to select gemstones to improve their wearability and appearance. Specific treatments are used based on the unique gem type and desired effect.
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